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The nurse has coordinated a health fair for the church parish with four other nurses. The first nurse speaks about safe driving and includes that coordination and mental alertness are affected at a blood alcohol level of 0.04, even though many states have a legal limit of intoxication of 0.08 (formerly 0.10). When asked how many drinks per hour the average person needs to reach 0.08 intoxication level, the nurse would make which of the following replies?

1. A 4-ounce glass of wine if the individual has eaten recently
2. A 1-4-ounce glass of wine on an empty stomach
3. Three to five 4-ounce glasses of wine, depending on how recently food was consumed
4. Seven to eight 4-ounce glasses of wine, depending on how recently food was consumed

Explanation

It takes the average person 1 hour to metabolize 1 ounce of alcohol or a 4-ounce glass of wine. If three to five glasses of wine are consumed within an hour, the average person becomes intoxicated. Options 1 and 2 are insufficient, while option 4 is greatly excessive. Use the process of elimination to answer the question. Eliminate options 1 and 2 first because they contain small amounts of alcohol and because they tend to be more rigid amounts. Recognizing that the question has the key words average person, choose option 3 over option 4 because it is more moderate and because it allows for individual variation, which options 1 and 2 do not.

Contributor

Andrew
Member since: April 2011
(Boynton Beach,FL) Original question source

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